Artichoke ‘Green Globe’
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Botanical Name: Cynara scolymus
Heritage: Mediterranean region, pre 1900’s
‘Green Globe’ produces beautiful large Artichokes with thick succulent scales and solid hearts.
The very attractive plants are popular for both their delicious flower buds and ornamental value. This delicacy has been grown in Southern Europe for centuries.
The large delicious heads can grow to 8-10cm in diameter and are wonderful grilled, steamed or stuffed. Eat the immature flower buds while they’re young and tender and consist of tightly overlapping green scales.
Once the flower buds start to open up enjoy for their magnificent floral displays. They’re stunning plants that provide a statement in the garden and a rare delicacy.
Easy to grow and enjoy for years, it will produce edible flower buds during its second and following years. First recorded in a vegetable catalogue in 1863, it was introduced to France from Italy by Catherine de Medici in about 1533.
Spring - Early Autumn
Sow Direct, or Transplant
Artichoke seeds are best sown in spring through early autumn. Artichoke seeds can be sown directly in place approx. 1.0m apart when soil temperatures are between 15°c – 25°c, or they can be sown in trays for careful transplanting.
15°c - 25°c
10 - 14 days
Carefully transplant any tray-grown seedlings when plants are around 10cm – 20cm tall to a final spacing of approx. 1.0m apart.
300 - 400 days
Green Globe Artichoke typically take about a year to produce but once productive will provide plenty of reward for your effort, and can produce for 5 years or more.
Grows best in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. As a perennial Green Globe Artichoke care is straightforward. A once or twice yearly application of organic compost during the growing season will help replenish vital nutrients.
Mulching well will help your garden to conserve water and encourage it to crop strongly. These aren’t hardy to frosts so should be cut back in areas that get very cold winters.
APPROX SEEDS PER PACKET:
|HOME GARDEN ($3.50)||25 seeds|
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This is the formal scientific name for each plant, firstly identifying the genus and then the species to which it belongs.
The purpose of these Latin names is to have a single name that is accepted and used worldwide for a particular plant or plant group, and to help distinguish each plant uniquely from other plants.
This refers to the typical lifecycle of each plant.
Annual: Plants that complete their life cycle within 1 year (from germination to growing and producing seeds, then dying).
Biennial: Plants that complete their life cycle in 2 years (germinates and grows in the first year, then produces seeds and dies in the second year).
Perennial: Plants that have a life cycle of more than 2 years.
It is wise to consider the lifecycle of each plant before choosing its final growing position. For example, you may prefer to plant perennials away from annuals, so your perennials are not disturbed when your annuals are harvested at the end of their relatively short lifecycle.
This refers to the geographic region and approximate date of origin, as it is best known for each variety.
Please note that varieties listed as “pre 1900’s” are very old varieties that have often been grown for hundreds of years, and as such their specific dates of origin are hard to list accurately.
This refers to when it is suggested the seeds are best sown, to encourage strong and vigorous growth in their ideal seasonal conditions.
Please note that while some varieties may be able to be sown outside the range suggested, they will generally perform best when sown in the approximate seasonal ranges provided.
This refers to the suggested method for sowing each variety. Using the appropriate sowing method will help to ensure you achieve best results.
Direct Sow: These are seeds that perform well when sown directly into your garden. These seeds normally produce fast growing and strong seedlings. Please note that young seedlings may still need some protection from harsh weather and pests.
Transplant: These are seeds that perform well when started in trays or containers and then transplanted to their final position once they’re a bit stronger. These seeds often produce slower growing and weaker seedlings that need some care and protection from weather and pests. Seedlings can typically be transplanted to their final position once they are large enough to handle (for example 5+cm tall with several true leaves).
Please note that for varieties where we list both methods you have the choice.
Soil Temp To Germinate:
This refers to the approximate soil temperature range for optimum germination of the seeds.
Please note that while some germination may occur outside these ranges, the seeds will typically germinate strongest when sown in the optimum soil temperature range provided.
Approx. Time To Germinate:
This refers to the approximate amount of time it takes for the seeds to germinate.
Please note that while some variation may occur, with ideal conditions this represents an average amount of time before germination. This relies in part on the seeds being sown in soil at an ideal temperature for germination, per the heading above.
Spacing For Seedlings:
This is the recommended spacing between plants in their final growing position.
Please note that spacing plants closer together than suggested will likely result in underperforming plants, due to crowding and over-competition for root space and available nutrients.
Approx. Time To Harvest:
This is the number of days until the plant typically reaches the purpose for which it is normally grown. For example, this is the time it takes for the plant to fruit or flower, or until the leaves are ready to be picked, etc.
Please note that while this refers to the beginning of harvesting time, the plants could keep growing for an extended period yet, particularly if kept well looked after.
Hardiness To Frosts:
This refers to how tolerant the plant is of frost and cold weather.
Tender: Plants that will be injured or killed by frost and cold weather. These plants will probably not survive winter.
Half-Hardy: Plants that will not tolerate severe frosts, but should otherwise survive winter.
Hardy: Plants that have the ability to survive frost and cold weather. These plants should survive winter.